Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) comprises polystyrene beads or micro-pellets which containing a blowing agent and other additives for foaming. EPS offers excellent features such as insulation properties, durability, lightweight, and excellent processability. It serves applications such as thermal insulation board in buildings, packaging, cushioning of valuable goods, stand-up paddle boards, and food packaging, and so on. The excellent mechanical properties of EPS are rigorously utilized in combination with fast construction/assembly and low subsequent maintenance. Expanded polystyrene helps in energy conservation and is thus essential for the creation of green built spaces. In the last ten years, to improve the energy efficiency of the buildings, the grey EPS material, which have lesser thermal conductivities and also offers better insulation properties than the white EPS, have been developed on the global level.
The growth drivers of the expanded polystyrene market include the growing construction and packaging industries. The restraints of the market include volatility in crude oil prices, availability of high-performance substitutes, and Chinas slowing macroeconomic condition. Easy recycling feature of polystyrene products is an opportunity for the expanded polystyrene industry. The challenges faced by EPS manufacturers are growing preference for molded pulp packaging and ban of EPS in major economies.
However, we can also reuse the expanded polystyrene though expanded polystyrene recycling. Because it is disposable, easily becoming the white pollution, so expanded polystyrene recycling is very necessary to protect our environment and become another way to apply to expanded polystyrene.