The United Nations First Ocean Congress was held at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9. Lin Shanqing, deputy director of the State Oceanic Administration of China, said that the meeting is more concerned about how to maintain the ocean, including the management of marine waste, micro-plastics, ocean acidification and other issues; the second is to maintain the sustainable development of the oceans, especially for marine resources sustainable use.
Other Asian countries are also committed to preventing and treating plastic waste. The Thai government reported to the General Assembly that Thailand has embarked on a 20-year strategy to tackle marine plastic pollution problems, including the establishment of incentives to remove plastic waste from the oceans and encourage the use of the environment, the BBC reported on the 8th. Friendly packaging design instead of plastic. In Indonesia, the government has carried out a large-scale knowledge of the popularization of educational programs for students. The Philippines is also developing laws to promote marine environmental protection.
Data show that every year more than 800 million tons of plastic into the ocean, a large part of the plastic waste by birds and fish intake, even in the submarine microbial body also found the composition of plastic waste. Plastic pollution has had a serious impact on marine life, fisheries and tourism, resulting in millions of seabirds per year, 100,000 marine mammals, and countless fish deaths, with economic losses of $ 8 billion. Studies have shown that if the current situation ignored, by 2050, the total weight of plastic waste in the ocean will exceed the total weight of the fish.
Most of the plastic waste in the ocean comes from countries that are far from the ocean, especially in countries that are not in harmony with the development of economic and governance pollution. A study of 75% of plastic waste in the ocean is derived from land, which flows through 10 rivers into the ocean, which are mainly distributed in Asia, according to a study by the Helmholtz Environmental Research Center in Leipzig, Germany. If you can reduce the amount of plastic waste into the ocean through the river by half, from a global perspective, the plastic waste in the ocean can be reduced by 37%. These plastic waste can also be recycled through Styrofoam recycling machine to deal with it.